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Explaining and Treating Glaucoma

Glaucoma is one of the primary causes of sight loss, and if left untreated, can lead to permanent blindness. At the Savannah practice of Landa & Landa Eye Care Specialists, we provide patients with proactive treatment to slow or alleviate the loss of vision.

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is caused by the buildup of fluids in the eye, leading to the loss of vision. The most common type of glaucoma, known as open-angle glaucoma, is brought about when the eye is not able to properly drain fluid. This excess fluid places pressure on the optic nerve, and will eventually cause irreversible damage to a patient’s ability to see. Because the damage caused by all forms of this condition is permanent, treatment must be proactive in order to slow or halt the damage.

Many patients do not exhibit symptoms prior to the loss of sight, so be sure to visit an optometrist for regular vision examinations. These exams can help to identify issues before they develop into a lasting condition.

Non-Surgical Glaucoma Treatments

Eye drops are generally the first type of treatment provided for patients who suffer from glaucoma. Different kinds of medications can have different effects on the eye, and are usually used to:

  • Alleviate pressure on the optic nerve
  • Reduce the amount of fluid generated by the eye
  • Increase the flow of fluid away from the optic nerve

While these medications can be of great help to patients, some may experience side effects, and they must be taken on a daily basis. If eye drops do not produce the desired results, a doctor may also prescribe oral medications.

Laser and Surgical Glaucoma Treatment

If eye drops and oral medication do not produce the desired results, an ophthalmologist may suggest the use of laser treatments. There are two kinds of laser treatment for glaucoma. Trabeculoplasty is performed for patients with open-angle glaucoma, and is used to create improved drainage for fluids to leave the eye.

Should laser treatment not produce the desired results, patients can also undergo more traditional surgical procedures to improve the drainage of fluid. Patients who undergo laser or traditional surgical treatment are often able to avoid having to take medication for a significant amount of time.

Contact Landa & Landa Eye Care Specialists Today

If you have been diagnosed with glaucoma and are in need of comprehensive and caring treatment, contact Landa & Landa Eye Care Specialists today. We provide glaucoma treatment in Savannah, and for patients throughout the surrounding communities.