Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration Care in Savannah by Landa & Landa Eye Care Specialists, LLC

Macular degeneration occurs when cells in the retina responsible for central vision begin to break down. Though peripheral vision is often unaffected by this condition, regular tasks such as driving, the operation of machinery and reading become more difficult. A leading cause of severe vision loss, early detection and action are key in contending with this disease.

While the primary cause of macular degeneration remains unknown, it typically occurs in older patients over 60. Research has shown there are many other contributing factors such as family history, smoking, hypertension, obesity, and/or a diet high in fats and cholesterol. Macular degeneration is characterized as either dry or wet, and this classification determines which treatment options Dr. Micheal S. Landa, Dr. Elizabeth H. Landa and the team at Landa & Landa Eye Care Specialists provide for their patients.

Dry Macular Degeneration

Dry macular degeneration is the most common form of the condition and makes up roughly 90% of cases. This eye disorder happens when fatty particles accumulate in the retina, causing cells to thin and dry out. While this variation occurs more frequently, it develops gradually and leads to less dramatic vision loss, making it important to schedule a consultation if you notice a decreased ability to see colors and fine details.

Unfortunately, there is no known treatment for this form of macular degeneration. Patients who are at high risk should schedule an appointment with Dr. Micheal S. Landa & Dr. Elizabeth H. Landa in Savannah to assess which early steps can be taken. One such option our doctor will discuss are dietary supplements containing zinc and antioxidants, believed to be beneficial in slowing the advance of this condition.

Wet Macular Degeneration Treatments at Landa & Landa Eye Care Specialists

Wet macular degeneration is less common, but is the cause of a majority of the cases of severe vision loss. This occurs when blood vessels form beneath the surface of the retina and begin to leak. Permanent damage to the affected eye and loss of vision take place as a result of the leakage.

Like dry macular degeneration, there is no cure for the damage caused by wet macular degeneration and steps should be taken for early detection. There are several treatments available at our Savannah practice designed to combat the progression of this disease:

  • Laser photocoagulation: This type of treatment seals the blood vessels that form beneath the retina, saving much of a patient’s remaining vision. While this treatment provides an overall positive effect, the scarring left behind after the procedure creates a permanent blind spot. Most patients find this small loss of vision acceptable for the overall effect of maintaining their sight.

  • Photodynamic therapy: This form of treatment combines the use of a “cold” laser and intravenous medicine. The laser activates the active components in the medicine, sealing the blood vessels and preventing complete vision loss. This treatment leaves no blind spot and can be repeated as necessary.

  • Anti-angiogenesis drugs: These treatments inhibit the proteins that contribute to abnormal blood vessel growth.

Contact Landa & Landa Eye Care Specialists Today

Dr. Micheal S. Landa, Dr. Elizabeth H. Landa and our team are committed to helping patients preserve their vision. To learn more about macular degeneration diagnosis and treatment in Savannah, contact Landa & Landa Eye Care Specialists, LLC today to schedule your consultation.